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八年级上期期末测试题t

发布时间:2014-10-23 21:04:18  
2013 年八年级上册期末测试题
一、单项选择。 (15 分) ( ) 1. It’s quite important us the wild animals. A. for; to protect B. to; protecting C. for; protecting D. with; to protect ( ) 2. He went to the park instead to the zoo. A. of go B. with going C. of going D. to go ( ) 3. We can shop without out of our houses. A. go B. to go C. going D. goes ( ) 4. — Why do you like living in the countryside? — Because there’s noise and cars here. A. less; fewer B. fewer; less C. less; less D. fewer; fewer ( ) 5. — Are you sure there are UFOs? — Sorry. I’m not sure that. A. to B. at C. of D. in ( ) 6. — Do you think robots will the humans in the future? — Yes, I think so. A. replaced B. take the place of C. take place of D. took the place of ( ) 7. — There are many old houses in Beijing, aren’t there? — . Only a few remain now. A. Yes, they are B. No, they aren’t C. No, there aren’t D. Yes, there are ( ) 8. He has got work to do, and most of the work is difficult. A. too much; too much B. much too; much too C. too much; much too D. much too; too much ( ) 9. — How many students are there in your school? — students, I think. A. Thousand of B. Three thousands C. Three thousand D. Three thousands of ( ) 10. — Have you been to shanghai? — Yes, it is one of cities in China. A. the large B. the largest C. the larger D. largest ( ) 11. teachers spoke at the meeting, was said about the question. A. Few; little B. A few; but little C. A few; and few D. A little; so little ( ) 12. My mother looks very young. Most of my classmates her my sister. A. look; as B. regard; to C. look; to D. regard; as ( ) 13. Someone at the door while mom in the kitchen. A. knocked; cooked B. knocked; was cooking C. was knocking; cooked D. was knocking; was cooking ( ) 14. Many people believe there are lots of treasures there, ? A. don’t they B. aren’t there C. didn’t they D. are there )4.The officer _______ the soldiers to stand in the rain. A.let B.made C.kept D.ordered

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)15.—They didn’t go swimming yesterday, did they? —_______ I saw them skate in the park. A.Yes, they did. B.No, they didn’t. C.Yes, they were. D.No, they weren’t. )16.Mr. Black built a nice house _______ a gift _______ his wife _______ show his deep A.as; of; on B.for; as; to C.for; by; on D.as; for; to )17.There _______ some forests here ten years ago. But now we can see nothing. A.used to have B.used to be C.is used to be D.was used to have )18.—How much do you _______? —69 kilos. A little lighter than before. A.weight B.weigh C.heavy D.have weight )19.The students think English is very important, so they try _______ it well. A.learn B.to learn C.learning D.to learning )20.Ann used the computer for shopping, _______? A.used she B.usedn’t she C.did she D.didn’t she )21.You must _______ the traffic lights when you cross the road. A.pay attention to B.pay attentions to C.pay attention on D.pay attentions on )22.—_______ is not easy to draw pictures with this pen. —You are right. A.There B.This C.That D.It )23.—Where are you going to work next year? —_______ Maybe Hefei or Nanjing. A.I’m not so sure. B.I think so. C.That’s a good idea. D.I hope not. )24.Jenny and Jane were talking in the kitchen _______ I was reading the newspaper. A.while B.before C.after D.if )25.If you can’t get to sleep, then get up and try to do something _______ lying in bed. A.and B.or C.instead of D.because of )26.Jack’s father is _______ actor and his mother is _______ scientist. A.an; an B.an; a C.a; an D.a; a )27.Don’t make me _______ the clothes. I’m too tired! A.washing B.to wash C.wash D.washed )28.—I think dumplings are _______ more delicious than noodles. —I don’t agree with you. A.much B.very C.too D.so )29.—I called you this morning, but nobody answered. —I _______ the flowers in my garden at that time. A.watered B.was watering C.water D.am watering )30.—There are many old houses in Beijing, aren’t there? —_______ Only a few remain now. A.Yes, they are. B.No, they aren’t. C.No, there aren’t. D.Yes, there are.

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)31.—My aunt goes to climb Mount Gu every Sunday. —Oh? But she _______ hate climbing mountains. A.used to B.use to C.uses to D.is used to 二、补全对话(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据对话内容,在每个标有题号的空白处填入一个适当的句子,使对话完整,合乎情景。 A: Good morning. B: Good morning. Sit down, please.______21 __________ A: I’ve got a headache and a bad cough. B: ________22___________ A: For two days. B: _______23__________ A: Just a glass of milk. B: Now first _____24_______ Oh, you’ve a high fever, but don’t worry. It is nothing serious. Just a little cold. A: What shall I do? B: You must take some medicine, and have a good rest.. A: ______25_________ B: Three times a day. You’d better drink more water and stay in bed. You’ll be all right soon. A: Thank you very much. Good -bye. B: Not at all. Good -bye. ( 三、完形填空。 (10 分) A The Great Wall of China has a history of more than two thousand years. It is from the east to the west in 21 China. It is about 4, 000 miles 22 . It is called “Ten-Thousand-Li Great Wall” by Chinese people. The Great Wall was 23 for ten men to walk side by side along the highest part. 24 could run along it, too. The Great Wall 25 stones and bricks(砖). There were huge stones on 26 sides and on the highest part. Along the Great Wall there were 27 watchtowers(瞭望台). Long ago, the soldiers kept watching for the enemy(敌人) in the watchtowers day and night. They made 28 on the towers to tell each other when the enemy came. As 29 old building, the Great Wall of China is known to the whole world. Every year 30 people come to visit it from all over the world. ( ) 21.A. North B. South C. East D. West ( ) 22.A. short B. high C. wide D. long ( ) 23.A. enough long B. long enough C. enough wide D. wide enough ( ) 24. A. Dogs B. Horses C. Men D. Children ( ) 25.A. made from B. was made from C. was made of D. made of ( ) 26.A. both B. each C. every D. all ( ) 27.A. big B. small C. beautiful D. tall ( ) 28.A. water B. word C. trees D. fires(火) ( ) 29.A. a B. an C. the D. /

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) 30. A. thousand and thousand of C. thousands and thousands of

B. thousands and thousands D. thousand and thousands

B In each country, there are some places of interest, like Big Ben in Britain, the Great Wall in China and so on. So you must 16 the Leaning Tower of Pisa(比萨斜塔). But do you know why it leans (倾斜)? It leans 17 a mistake. In 1173, people of 18 wanted to build a bell tower. They wanted the tower to be 19 bell tower in the whole country. Before people finished 20 the third floor of it, the tower began to lean. People tried to make the building 21 again. However, as they added(增加) more floors, the tower only got 22 . It 23 almost 180 years to finish the tower. Today, the Leaning Tower has eight floors. It’s 54.5 meters tall, and it leans about 5 meters to one 24 . If someone cannot think out a good way 25 the tower, like all the other old buildings, it’ll fall apart(倒塌) in the future. ( )16.A.hear B.listen C.know D.learn ( )17.A.because B.because of C.so D.as ( )18.A.Pisa B.London C.Beijing D.New York ( )19.A.the beautiful B.the more beautiful C.the most beautiful D.most beautiful ( )20.A.building B.to build C.built D.be built ( )21.A.lean B.straight C.straighter D.to lean ( )22.A.bad B.badly C.worse D.worst ( )23.A.spent B.cost C.used D.took ( )24.A.bell B.side C.floor D.way ( )25.A.to save B.saves C.saving D.save C We live in the “computer age” . Long ago computers couldn’t do 16 . They were very big and 17 . They used a lot of energy(能量). Only a few people were 18 in them. Today computers are 19 and cheaper. They can 20 difficult work. Computers have 21 important for many reasons. They work faster and make fewer mistakes. They can remember much information. A computer can work out millions of problems 22 a few seconds. A person might need years 23 so many problems. People now use computers in nearly every kind of work. Computers are very useful and the 24 of computers is growing. More computers mean more jobs for people, 25 people need to run(操作) and mend them. Would you like to learn how to run a computer? ( )16.A.many B.much C.a lot of D.lots of ( )17.A.cheap B.cheaper C.expensive D.more expensive ( )18.A.interest B.interesting C.interests D.interested ( )19.A.small B.smaller C.big D.bigger ( )20.A.do B.make C.turn D.eat ( )21.A.turn B.got C.is D.become ( )22.A.with B.in C.for D.at ( )23.A.works out B.work C.to work out D.to work ( )24.A.use B.useful C.useless D.to use

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)25.A.why

B.how

C.because

D.what

Ⅳ. 阅读理解。 (30 分) (A) I am Cathy Brown. I am from America. I am working for the Sunshine Travel Agency( 旅行 社) in Changsha now. Last week I took a group of French holiday-makers for a week’s trip to Taiwan. We traveled all around the island(岛). It is very beautiful. There are a lot of places of interest. My favorite place is the Sun and Moon Lake. You may ask why people call it so. If you fly high up over the lake and look down from your plane, you will find the answer yourself. In the middle of this lake, there is a small island. People call it the Pearl Island(珍珠岛) because it looks like a pearl. On one side of the Pearl Island, the lake looks like a sun, and on the other side, it looks like a moon. That is why people call it the Sun and Moon Lake. There are many mountains around the Sun and Moon Lake. One of the most famous ones is the Ali Mountain. We stayed there for three days. We also had a dance party with Gaoshan people. On our first day there, we watched the sun going down slowly in the west. On our last day, we got up early and saw a very beautiful sunrise(日出). Taiwan is a wonderful place to visit. 根据短文内容,判断下列句子正(T)误(F)。 ( )26.Cathy went to Taiwan with some Americans last week. ( )27.Cathy thinks Taiwan is a beautiful place with lots of places of interest. ( )28.The Sun and Moon Lake gets its name because it looks like the sun during the day and looks like the moon at night. ( )29.Ali Mountain is near the Sun and Moon Lake. ( )30.Cathy watched the sun going up and going down on different days. (B) Toby went to China for a holiday with his father this summer. Their first destination (目的地) was Beijing. They arrived in Beijing on 8th, August. According to the travel plan, can you guess what they did in Beijing? A Four days Tour to Beijing for $ 280 each Day 1 (L) Day 2 (B,L)

Arrive in Beijing. Take a bus to the hotel. Have a city tour to the Summer Palace. Full day trip to the Tian’anmen Square, the Palace Museum, and the Temple of Heaven(天坛). See Beijing Opera(京剧) in the evening.

Day 3 Full day trip to the Great Wall, Ming Tombs and Beihai Park. Enjoy a famous (B,L,D) Beijing Roast Duck Banquet(宴会) for dinner. Day 4 (B,L) ( Visit Hutong and the Silk Market. Take the afternoon flight to the next destination.

(B: Breakfast L: Lunch D: Dinner) )31.They paid _______ for the Beijing tour. A.$190 B.$ 280

C.$ 470

D.$ 560

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)32.On which day did they see Beijing Opera in the evening? A.The first day. B.The second day. C.The third day. D.The fourth day. ( )33.How many places of interest did they go to on their third day? A.One. B.Two. C.Three. D.Four. ( )34.On the fourth day, they visited _______. A.Hutong B.Silk Market C.Beihai Park D.A and B ( )35.When did they leave Beijing? A.10th, August. B.11th, August. C.12th, August. D.13th, August. (C) The Internet has become part of teenagers’(十几岁的) life. A new report on 3,375 students aged from 10 to 18 in seven Chinese cities found that 38 percent of them believe they use the Internet often. While most of them get useful information and use the Internet to help in their studies, some are not using it in a good way. Many are playing online games too much. A few even visit websites(网 址) they should not look at. Hong Ying, a teacher from Beijing Yinghua Middle School warns(警 告) that bad things can happen if young people spend too much time on the Internet. She had a student who used to be good at school. But then he started visiting unhealthy websites. He went mad, cheated(欺骗) a girl and was taken away by the police. In order to help young people use the Internet in a good way, a textbook on good Internet behavior(行为) has started to be used in some Shanghai middle schools this term. The book uses real examples to teach students about good ways of using the Internet. The book gives useful advice such as to read news or to find helpful information to study. Teachers and parents all think the book is a very good idea. Hong said the book will be a guide for teens to use the Internet. She believes it will keep students away from bad sites. “Many students are using the Internet without guidance(指导) from their parents,”she said, “The book will teach students how to be a good person in the online world.” 根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。 ( )26.How many among the 3,375 students believe they use the Internet very often? A.10. B.18. C.38. D.About 1282. ( )27._______ children are using the computer in a good way. A.All B.Not all C.Each of the D.Every ( )28.A textbook on good Internet behavior has begun to be used in _______. A.Beijing B.Wuhan C.Shenyang D.Shanghai ( )29.The aim of the book is to _______. A.teach students how to go online in a good way B.tell children how to make online friends C.tell a lot of stories about the harm of the Internet D.teach students how to play computer games ( )30.The student who was caught by the police was _______. A.crazy B.too interested in the bad things C.late D.too excited (D)

We asked thirty young people between 14 and 18 several questions. All the children had computers at home. The usual time spent on a computer in a week was about 12 hours, with the highest user about 32 hours, and the lowest user only 5 hours. Most children said they usually used computers to play games. Fourteen children told us they did some word processing(文字处 理) at times. Eight people told us they kept addresses and phone numbers on their computers or used them as diaries. Only three people said they were learning to write computer programs and nobody used databases(数据库). Only two of them said computers helped with their lessons. The diagram(表格) gives all the results one by one.

The results show that computer use is quite high among 14-18-year-old children. They also show quite clearly that computers are seen by most young people as little more than game machines. It means to us that, though computers are common(普遍) in the homes of young people, they have not yet become popular in everyday life. ( ) 41. In the diagram, what does the letter “c” show? A. It shows three people between 14 and 18. B. It shows only 2 of the thirty children. C. It shows that two of them use computers to help them with their lessons. D. It shows that three of them use computers to help them write computer programs. ( ) 42. Most of the 30 children spent about hours on computers in a week. A.5 B.12 C.20 D.32 ( )43. There is one mistake in the diagram. What is it? A.The number of “c” should be lower. B.The number of “d” should be higher. C.The number of “a” is too high. D.There should be no number about “e”. ( )44. In the last paragraph(段) “little more than” means . A.almost the same as B.far more than C.different from D.much more than ( )45. The writer thinks . A.children must learn to play all kinds of games B.we should learn many other uses of computers C.young people should spend more time on computers D.computers will become much cheaper (E) We are all busy talking about and using the Internet, but how many of us know the history of the Internet? Many people are surprised when they find that the Internet was set up in the 1960s. At tha t

time, computers were large and expensive. Computer networks didn’t work well. If one computer in the network (B) broke down, then the whole network stopped. So a new network system had to be set up. It should be good enough to be used by many different computers. If one part of the network was not working , information could be sent through another part. In this way computer network system would keep on working all the time. At first the Internet was only used by the government(政府). But in the earl y 1970s, unive rsities(大学), hospitals and banks(银行) were allowed to use it too. However, computers were still very expensive and the Internet was difficult to use. By the start of the 1990s, computers became cheaper and easier to use. Scientists had also developed softw are that made “surfing”(冲浪) the Internet more convenient. T oday it is easy to get online(上网) and it is said that millions of people use the Internet every day. Sending e-mail is more and more popular among students. The Internet has now become one of the most important parts of people’s life. 阅读以上短文完成下列任务。 46. 将文中画线(A)部分译成中文。 47. 画线(B)部分的短语中文意思是 。 48. 判断下列陈述正(T)误(F)。 ( ) (1) In the 1960s, computer net works well. ( ) (2) At first the Internet was only used by the government. ( ) (3) The Internet has a history of more than 10 years. 五、词语运用 late, they, decide, sell, idea, daily, bring, right, anything, strict, happy, stomach Once a man had a hen and the hen laid two golden eggs every day. The man was very happy. Every day he took the two golden eggs and 1 them in the market. With the money he and his family lived 2 . One day, one of his friends said to him, "Friend, you take these two eggs to the market every day and sell 3 there. There is too much trouble. Why not take out all the eggs from her 4 at once?" The man liked the idea, but he couldn't make a 5 to kill that hen. A few days 6 he decided to kill the hen because he thought his friend's 7 was very good. and it was really tiring to take those eggs to the market 8 . The next day he killed the hen and then opened the hen's stomach. But he couldn't find 9 in the stomach. He looked for the eggs here and there, left and 10 up and down, but there was nothing inside. 1.__________ 2._________3.__________4.__________5._____________ 6.__________7.__________8.__________9.__________10.____________

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