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发布时间:2014-10-15 08:31:55  
The Boy Scouts of Amrica

General Information Programs and Activities

Troops and Patrols Ideals

1.General information
Headquarters Country Founded Founder New York City United states June 1910 William Randolph Hearst

Membership: 847,731 youth 497,187 adults 38,713 troops Objective: prepare boys for the obligations and duties of citizenship

methods of Scouting:
① Ideals (viz., the Scout Oath, the Scout Law, the Scout Motto, and the Scout Slogan), ② the patrol method, ③ Participation in out door programs, ④ advancement, ⑤ adult association, ⑥ personal growth, ⑦ leadership development, ⑧ the uniform

2.Programs and Activities
?determined by the senior patrol leader (童子 军小队队长)and the patrol leaders council under the oversight of the Scoutmaster.

?Troops hold meetings weekly.
?Troop meeting activities may vary from training in Scout skills to planning camping trips or playing games.

?Troops plan outings and activities outside the troop meeting. These may involve camping, backpacking, hiking, canoeing(划独木舟), rafting(漂流), climbing, caving(洞穴探险), rappelling(攀 绳下滑)......

2.1.Camporee(童子军露营) ?Several troops within a district or council gather at least once a year at a special weekend campout(野营). ?several units camp and engage in activities, scoutcraft(侦察活动) competitions and learn specialized skills.

2.2.national Scout jamboree(全国童军大露营)
?occurs every four years ?draws more than 30,000 Scouts from across the country and the world. ?The celebration of its 100th anniversary of its foundation took place in 2010 at Fort A.P. Hill in Virginia.

3.Troops and patrols(巡逻小组)
?the fundamental unit of Boy Scouting. ?The troop size can vary from a minimum of five Scouts to several dozen. ?sponsored(赞助)by a community organization such as a business, service organization, private school, labor group or religious institution.

?Each troop is divided into patrols of eight or so Scouts led by a patrol leader elected from within the patrol.
?Patrol meetings are generally held during the weekly troop meeting.

?Each patrol may set up its own camping and cooking area. ?Troops mix older and younger Scouts in the same patrols, so that the older boys can teach the younger ones more effectively.

3.1.The chartered organization (特许组织)
?is responsible for providing a meeting place and promoting a good program.
?representative manages the relationship between the troop, the chartered organization, and the BSA.

3.2.Venture patrols(风险巡逻)
?an optional program for boys thirteen through seventeen years old. ?guided by the assistant Scoutmaster-Venture who is responsible for Venture patrol activities. ?Venture patrol members wear the standard Boy Scout uniform with the Venture strip over the right pocket.

The Scout Law, Scout Oath, Scout Motto, Scout Slogan, and Outdoor Code are the cornerstones(奠基石) of Boy Scouting.

4.1.Scout Law
A Scout is trustworthy, loyal, helpful, friendly, courteous(谦 恭的), kind, obedient, cheerful, thrifty, brave, clean, and reverent(虔诚的). —Boy Scout Handbook

4.2.Scout Oath(誓言)
On my honor, I will do my best to do my duty to God and my country. To help other people at all times. To obey the Scout Law.

4.3.Scout Slogan
Do a Good Turn Daily —Boy Scout Handbook

4.4.Scout Motto
Be Prepared! —Boy Scout Handbook

4.5.Outdoor Code
As an American, I will do my best: to be clean in my outdoor manners, to be careful with fire, to be considerate in the outdoors, and to be conservation-minded —Boy Scout Handbook

?The Scout Sign is used when giving the Scout Law or the Scout Oath and as a signal for silence. ?The Scout Salute(敬礼) is used when saluting the flag of the United States. ?The left-handed handshake is used as a token of friendship and as an identity with Scouts worldwide.

?a part of their way of life and personal growth. ?represent these ideals symbolically in official emblems.

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