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shyness(害羞)

发布时间:2014-10-15 08:31:54  
By Swan

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Definition Reasons Personality traits How to overcome shyness Different Cultural views

? What Is Shyness? ? the feeling of apprehension, lack of comfort, or awkwardness especially when a person is in proximity to other people. This commonly occurs in new situations or with unfamiliar people

What Causes Shyness?

? genetic traits. A person inherits shyness from his parents. ? the environment in which a person is raised and personal experiences. ? a personality trait.

Personality trait
? Shyness can also be seen as an academic determinant. It has been determined that there is a negative relationship between shyness and classroom performance. As the shyness of an individual increased, classroom performance was seen to decrease

? Shyness may involve the discomfort of difficulty in knowing what to say in social situations, or may include crippling physical manifestations of uneasiness. ? Shyness is most likely to occur during unfamiliar situations, though in severe cases it may hinder an individual in his or her most familiar situations and relationships as well. Shy people avoid the objects of their apprehension in order to keep from feeling uncomfortable and inept [i'nept] ; thus, the situations remain unfamiliar and the shyness perpetuates itself.

? Shyness may fade with time; e.g., a child who is shy towards strangers may eventually lose this trait when older and more socially adept [‘?dept熟练的 .

? Thomas Benton claims that because shy people "have a tendency toward selfcriticism, they are often high achievers, and not just in solitary activities like research and writing. Perhaps even more than the drive toward independent achievement, shy people long to make connections to others often through altruistic [,? ltru'istik]利他的 behavior."

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? I didn’t have the social life I wanted ? I didn’t dare to even text message the girl I liked in class ? I was nervous around other people and always found an excuse to avoid them ? I had little friends and was always alone most of the time ? I didn’t even dare to order food from the stalls in my school canteen sometimes! ? I have trouble getting dates…….

? An extreme case of shyness is identified as a psychiatric [,sa?k?'? tr?k] illness, which is called "social phobia" ? Physical symptoms of social phobia can include shortness of breath, trembling, increased heart rate, and sweating; in some cases, these symptoms are intense enough and numerous enough to constitute a panic attack.

How to overcome shyness
★ Recognize your personal strengths and weakness ★ Set reasonable goals ★ Guilt and shame are destructive feelings ★ There are numerous ways to avoid complaining about yourself

★ Set aside time to reflex, enjoy hobbies and reevaluate your goals on a regular basis ★ Practice being in social situations ★ Remember that everyone experiences some failures and disappointments ★ Accept complaints thoughtfully

Different cultural views
? Perceptions of Western cultures ? In some Western cultures shyness-inhibition plays an important role in psychological and social adjustment. It has been found that shyness-inhibition is associated with a variety of maladaptive behaviors. Being shy or inhibited in Western cultures can result in rejection by peers, isolation and being viewed as socially incompetent by adults.

? Perceptions of Eastern cultures ? In Eastern cultures being shy and inhibited is a sign of politeness, respectfulness, and thoughtfulness. They tended to be seen as competent by their teachers, to perform well in school and to show well-being. Shy individuals are also more likely to attain leadership status in school.

? In Hispanic cultures shyness and inhibition with authority figures is common. For instance, Hispanic students may feel shy towards being praised by teachers in front of others, because in these cultures students are rewarded in private with a touch, a smile, or spoken word of praise. Adults also show reluctance [ri'l?kt?ns] to share personal matters about themselves to authority figures such as nurses and doctors

? Cultures in which the community is closed and based on agriculture (Kenya, India, etc.) experience lower social engagement than those in more open communities (United States, Okinawa, etc.) where interactions with peers is encouraged. Children in Mayan, Indian, Mexican, and Kenyan cultures are less expressive in social styles during interactions and they spend little time engaged in socio-dramatic activities. They are also less assertive in social situations.

? In the Italian culture emotional expressiveness during interpersonal interaction is encouraged. Like other cultures where shyness and inhibition is viewed negatively, peers of shy and inhibited Italian children reject the socially fearful, cautious and withdrawn沉默寡言的; 孤独的 .

References
? http://engwind.yangtzeu.edu.cn/News/qy/2 008-10/14/153527891.html ? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shyness ? http://weheartit.com/tag/shyness?pgx=topt agstest ? http://www.shyfacts.com/ ? http://www.shynessanxietyhub.com/

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